Will and Should the U.S. Attorney General Prosecute the “Rogue Senate 47”?

In addition to the Logan Act, other criminal avenues exist

congress half or which destorys
We applaud Israel and then put her in greater danger – that’s the American Totalitarian Way!


By Jeff Koopersmith
Editor Emeritus

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) should be investigating the clique of rogue ultra-right U.S. Senators that organized the “Senate 47” letter to Iran signaling that the forty-seven Republican senators are more ready to go to war and risk American lives in the desert than to apply further diplomatic action with that nation. Perhaps they have not as yet begun – but perchance the FBI will read this piece:  The “Senate 45” have violated more than one law in my opinion and in doing so put the region and the United States in mortal danger.

Each time I watch Fox News – which is quite often as I like to keep up with what I believe are worst media enemies of the people – I feel great anxiety for my grandchildren and what they might face should the trumped up movement by half our population toward the ultra-right continues much longer.

It is for the well being of our children, and their children that I believe the Administration should take this appalling action by the Senate 47 and use it to smarten-up the ultra-right wing within the Republican Party as well as give breathing room to those Republicans who maintain some sense of equity and have been elected to fight for more responsive and less expensive government while at the same time taking care of those Americans and others less prepared to deal with the harsh realities of this 21st century and what might come next.

There is no room for nutty ideologues in American government at this juncture.

In fact there is a great need to clean them out because they are simultaneously causing distress within our domestic population as well as to our allies and other national leaders around the world.

The things they stand for, the crazed despots who entered Congress and elsewhere in state and local governments simply from backing by men and women dedicated, it seems, only to money. are far too dangerous and numerous today to be human.

This letter to Iran, sent behind all our backs, that the young Turks of the far right of the Republican party, may have done enormous damage and may have accomplished far worse than they could anticipate through their zealous actions aimed at humiliating the President and the State Department and every correct-thinking American who knows the important role diplomacy plays in our security.

And no – this is not 1930s Hitler where there was no instant communication, no great espionage abilities, no space-placed and other types of drone and, no Homeland Security that cannot easily be fooled by a tyrant sneaking around to cause havoc. We are not the British trying to deal with a maniac – we are a strong nation trying to give the world time to consider arming every nation with a beef with nuclear warheads.

Yes, we have witnessed just such a move in Georgia and the Ukraine recently. However the difference is that we knew what was happening even before it occurred and had it threatened us or our allies Mr. Putin would have been met with forces unparalleled in history.

My own hard-earned education allowed me to examine the Federal Law to find out what “The Founders” and subsequent American leaders thought about such a wild deviance from normal, even precious, practices within the Federal Government that have catapulted the United States into its current but now deteriorating reputation as the trusted leader of the free world, a nation to seek sanctuary from evil, and the giving-est people in history.

One thing I know for certain. America’s reputation has not been injured by Democrats and progressive action. It has been eroded by warmongering and greed resulting from neoconservative and now totalitarian thought spreading from the right. Ask any thoughtful European who is not a neocon and they will tell you the same.  I spent seven years in Europe living full time and listening around me and I know about that which I write here.

Despite many mistakes over our own history including several misplaced offensive wars, Americans were once proud that they took on external as well as internal miseries – perhaps too slowly – but finally successfully in many cases.

All leaders make mistakes, but few have lead nations of the caliber of the United States as a consequence. And few have had to do so under continuing racist pressure from the media, cheap-shot internet sites that whine about Wall Street’s ills, and maniacs like Rush Limbaugh who bank millions telling lies to the American people.

This week we Americans have been introduced to the despicable rapscallion members in the ultra-right in our Congress who now, in fact, control both the House of Representatives and the Senate although the Republican Party itself tries hard to deny this..

The fraudulent propaganda of the small but powerful fascist media has successfully turned half the American population against the tenets of post-WWII Americans as best demonstrated by the civil rights movement of the 1960s and continuing; the offer of affordable higher education; the love of music and art; and, a sense of imbued fairness in our public and private discourse.

This change from care to hate among 30% of our people has not occurred from the normal aging of our population which sometimes includes a  move toward more conservative opinion than at a younger age.

It has occurred because our population, over 50 years old, and not highly educated, has been subjected to a nonstop litany of right wing lies that have frightened previously more liberal blocs who now, with no inherent ability to digest and study complex critical thinking, take the ideas of entertainers like Bill O’Reilly, Dinesh D’Souza, and thousands of other cranks, mavericks and oddballs – as truth.  What is wrong with us?

The leading force and the smartest among them is one Mr. Roger Ailes, the chief of Fox News and other Rupert Murdoch owned enterprises.

Ailes sees himself as deliver from what he considers “handouts”. He believes primarily in making money and he has carefully chosen to cater to a select viewership for Fox’s News and Business programming on the older end of the age scale rather than the younger.

In this way he attracts old soldiers, older women, older men, and even some very successful lawyers and jambalaya singers , although most stay away from him and from Fox.

Fox has no massive internet presence that provides information. It is  to provide propaganda from the right side of the aisle and provoke any progressive thinker that dare questions their motives. Its on-air personalities – including those who Fox labels progressive are nothing of the sort. The progressives Fox trots out to do battle with 300% more conservatives,  are normally weak-minded, or desperately in need employment which is understandable. The Internet has changed the number of positions available to liberal or conservative for a chance to appear on-air news and finance shows as informative personalities.

Fox is also filled with friends of Roger Ailes on air and off. His “Brain Room” where right wing propaganda is conceived, written, and produced is, in fact, full of quite bright, well-educated and creative people. However, their abilities are aimed at crushing progressive thought and ideology in favor or what some might call just plain Greed and humiliation of the poorest among us..

What is more frightening however is that Fox News does indeed control many hundred thousand votes in this nation through manipulation of facts and creation of fantasy.  The apers who they have spawned can, and have, turned the tide in many congressional and even statewide elections. They are now graduating to attempt to control the White House choice in 2016.  Just ask one of the Fox Old Men – Mr.Britt Hume about the time, not long ago, when he gave Fox News credit for Republican victories.

Fox commandants are wily.  They  did not severely attack Barack Obama until it was clear that he would win the White House. Since then, in 2008, Fox News has, on an almost continual 24 hour a day basis lynched this president and anyone who supports him within and from without the government.

To me that is proof of a Fox-earned Golden Certificate of Racism. And Fox’s non-stop attack on social security, welfare, teachers, unions, immigrants, and more have resulted in humilating those not on the fictional “Easy Street” that Fox pretends we would have if only we could send “them” back where they came from until “they” wait in line for years to come to America.

Fox, as a primary leader in right wing propaganda is responsible for much of the change in American attitudes – such changes to my mind, and the majority of Americans not changes for good.

Those Republicans who are described as neocons – (new to conservatism) have become so mean-spirited even though the majority of them are highly educated.  But they look at the United States and nationalism as the most important element in controlling the population here and around the world. Their interest is not democracy. It my mind it is totalitarianism or worse – a yen to return to the Gilded Age where the poor and unfornate “knew their place.”.

Remember only a few of the strongest and wisest Republican senators refused to sign a direct letter, sent secretly behind the President’s and all of our backs, to the leadership of Iran. This letter, which in essence said – “either you do what we tell you to do or we and our allies will begin destroying your nuclear facilities notwithstanding the “collateral” damage that might occur.” In short – “we’ll bomb you back to the Stone Age and anyone who gets in our way. too bad, they will die.”

Meanwhile our Secretary State John Kerry has struggled to come up with a mutually gratifying agreement that would allow Iran to use nuclear power for its people, but disallow the pursuit of nuclear weapons to use on us or our allies.

The ultra-right wing of the Republican Party which controls that political party today, does so often by blackmail.

These men and women seem not to believe in diplomacy to solve any problem –  international or otherwise, all problems of great complexity, and issues of true potential and incredible destruction.

They live in a hallucinatory world lead by the likes of aged Senator John McCain and a host of low level, mostly retired hawks born from the military who now often work for industry. By appearing on right wing talk shows thereby succeeding only in hearkening the warning of wiser Generals like President Eisenhower, also a Republican, who counseled us more than once that such men, part of the “military-industrial complex” who President Eisenhower believed  might be the most malicious threat America from within.

His fears seem to be coming true.

As a Baby Boomer I can tell you in all truth that I hardly recognize my own country today – and this feeling is shared by tens of millions of us born between 1944 and 1964.

What kind of nonsense is this when the Iranians are right now sitting with our American teams of diplomats trying to work out an agreement that could assure the world that Iran had no interest in nuclear weapons as they have said – and only wish to continue with nuclear power projects would which allow them to export whatever oil they may have in reserve.

Today Iran sits under harsh, but called for, punishments which severely restrict their finances and the well-being of the Iranian population. Iran made its own bed in majority starting in the 1960s, the following ouster of the Shah of Iran (our ally) and the Islamification of that nation. Yet perhaps this bid by John Kerry and his people will act to put the brakes on nuclear insanity and give all sides a chance to rethink outrageous positions?

Worse or us, and for them, Iran began to meddle with neighboring nations, exporting and funding terror, as well as threatening to wipe the state of Israel off the face of the earth.  They gave the neocons here an excuse to go wild.

What is quite interesting is that Iran warred with Saddam Hussein’s Iraq toward the end of the 20th Century, but the US supported Saddam against Iran, and then turned around during the Bush Senior years to defend Kuwait against Saddam’s military foray so as to obtain for himself a warm-water port to export Oil.  Hilariously one can see anywhere online photos of Dick Cheney high-fiving Saddam who then became our mortal enemy almost overnight and his anger and personal frustration with President Bush the elder, some say was the cause for Bush the younger to invade Iraq after 911 even though no Iraqis were found have been part of the attack on the American homeland.

We play a sort of supporting role here before September 11th by picking fights with Iraq in the 1990s and threatening the stability of the Region largely populated by Islamic families who had little or nothing in comparison to the majority of Americans and the populations of our Western Allies. This of course is no reason to aid in the blowing up of embassies, the killing of marines, the exporting of IEDs “made in Iran” and the rest. Yet we are no “angel’ when it comes to warring interference with the nations of the world even though we could excuse our operations after World War II as saving the earth from communism which I have read about in depth – being convinced that for some immature nations communism might be the best stepping stone for eventual

For seven years the likes of Rush Limbaugh and worse – Roger Ailes & Co. the Fox News bandits whose leadership is now counted on to elect even more young cons to important and critical offices.

tom cotton












                           Senator Tom Cotton – The “Senate 47” Rodeo Clown


The Letter the Senate 47 snet to the Leaders of the Islamic Republic of Iran:

This is the letter that the forty-seven United States Senators sent to the Supreme Leader of the Republic of Iran without the American President’s knowledge. It smacks of the same idiocy I have seen throughout the most hawkish ranks of the government – and a reason to dismiss the Republicans who signed it as unprepared for their responsibilities. It is not a reflection on those who voted for these men and women – it is a mirror of the hatred that ensued and grew after we elected an African-American President as sure as I am alive.


Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini –

It has come to our attention while observing your nuclear negotiations with our government that you may not fully understand our constitutional system. (An insult to their intelligence – not a great thing to write when an agreement of this import is being discussed at the highest levels of our government and other allied government of the United States)

Thus, we are writing to bring to your attention two (is that a typo or the typical Tea Party error) features of our Constitution — the power to make binding international agreements and the different character of federal offices — which you should seriously consider as negotiations progress.


let hed senat to iran













Treaties and Agreements

First, under our Constitution, while the president negotiates international agreements, Congress plays the significant role of ratifying them. (Congress may play a significant role – but not THE significant role – in fact the citizens of the United States play the most important role in law and in reflection)

In the case of an agreement, the Senate must ratify it by a two-thirds vote. A so-called congressional-executive agreement requires a majority vote in both the House and the Senate (which, because of procedural rules, effectively means a three-fifths vote in the Senate).

Anything not approved by Congress is a mere executive agreement. (The use of the word MERE here is to downgrade President Obama’s and Secretary Kerry’s and staff roles in this months-long treaty negotiation over how best to protect the American people and the region from bursting in a nuclear build up on all sides who can afford it.)

Second, the offices of our Constitution have different characteristics.

For example, the president may serve only two 4-year terms, whereas senators may serve an unlimited number of 6-year terms (which of course means nothing in this regard). As applied today, for instance, President Obama will leave office in January 2017, while most (many) of us will remain in office well beyond then — perhaps decades. (There is a ludicrous statement. For all we know – every republican up for election (one third of them) will be voted out of office because of their irresponsibility in 2016 and certainly the chances of a Republican being elected President is today – quite low from registration alone)

What these two constitutional provisions mean is that we will consider any agreement regarding your nuclear-weapons program that is not approved by the Congress as nothing more than an executive agreement between President Obama and Ayatollah Khamenei(purposeful error in spelling Khomeini to humiliate the Iranian leadership?). (And; Are they sure about that? Perhaps the agreement which these senators have never seen or have the ability to understand today, might become an agreement between the U.S. the allies, and the President of Iran, who under Iranian law can make such agreements.)

The next president could revoke such an executive agreement with the stroke of a pen and future Congresses could modify the terms of the agreement at any time. (Of course this is not a discussion about an “agreement” yet even it was, anyone taking such an action has lost the ability to think, at a time of peace between the parties. No new president will most likely never revoke even such an agreement. This would be akin to luring Iran and others in the region to “Nuke Up” and cause what could be worldwide destruction through war)

Next are my mostly wishful or naive, or far too hard-hitting, suggestions to the Administration about the lies and half-truths from the Senate designed to frighten the American People and dissolve American and Iranian efforts toward peace:

These suggestions are encased in this Suggested letter from our President of the United States to Iran:

Ayatollah Khomeini –

I have been informed that your leadership and you as the Supreme Leader of Iran have received a letter from less than half the United States Senate saying, in part, that any agreement with the President of the United States or his designates will not be ratified (approved) by the United States Congress and particularly the U.S. Senate which is now controlled by men and women who are widely regarded as dangerously damaging to world peace and ill-equipped to make such judgments with regard to the plan now being discussed between American and Iranian delegates in Switzerland today. They, on both sides, have worked assiduously to overcome the few and several disagreements surrounding a final, and acceptable first to me, version of such treaty.

I apologize for the Senate letter, and the use of humiliating terms to describe the machinations and content of these negotiations and negotiators as well as the essence of American Law.

Never before in modern history have members of congress attempted to inject and obstruct complex negotiations designed to benefit both the United States and the party with which we negotiate – in this case, Iran.

Aside from these points, the Federal Law invites me to inform you that should the Attorney General through investigations by the FBI and other intelligence agencies find that this communication to you was part of an intentional conspiracy to overthrow this or any government, or a plot to force Iran into speeding its actions to obtain, and enable Iran, to deliver nuclear weapons regional or internationally, I will commence whatever action I can to stop this immature and senseless ship from sailing much further during our negotiations.

In addition:

Under the following laws, those responsible for drafting and sending this absurd letter to you – which is a direct attack on the constitutionally allotted power of the Presidency of the United States could be subject to arrest and imprisonment, we will further investigate who, what, where, and why such a letter to Iran was sent in dark of night.

I am personally not an expert in these criminal legal regards, however as you may have seen, even large New York and other news sources have attacked these senators for this outrageous intervention in a sensitive and highly important negotiation, so profound that these senators interventions could be interpreted as follows:

The Logan Act

(18 U.S.C.A. § 953 [1948]) is a federal statute making it a crime for a citizen to confer with foreign governments against the interests of the United States. Specifically, it prohibits citizens from negotiating with other nations on behalf of the United States without authorization.
Of course the neocons only read the first sentence and will usually claim that there illegal contact with other nations are “NOT AGAINST THE INTERSTS OF THE UNITED STATES – but this does not let them off the hook. What may, is that the Logan Act has never been used to indict a member of congress or any American thus far something the right wing media is pounding into American heads as I write.


U.S. Code › Title 18 › Part I › Chapter 115 › § 2381
18 U.S. Code § 2381 – Treason

Current through Pub. L. 113-296, except 113-287, 113-291, 113-295

Whoever, owing allegiance to the United States, levies war against them or adheres to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort within the United States or elsewhere, is guilty of treason and shall suffer death, or shall be imprisoned not less than five years and fined under this title but not less than $10,000; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States

U.S. Code › Title 18 › Part I › Chapter 115

Under Title 18 of the U.S. Code:

“Whoever incites, sets on foot, assists, or engages in any rebellion or insurrection against the authority of the United States or the laws thereof, or gives aid or comfort thereto, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States.”

Again, it is clear that the high and utmost courts of the United States could find that these senators interfering with our mutual negotiators could be construed as giving Iran succor, as she is under heavy sanctions from the allies, and could very well be engaged in rebellion or even insurrection against the authority of the United States and its law by giving aid, comfort, or both to the pro nuclear faction of Iran that has more than once called for the nuclear arming of your nation.

These forty-seven Senators are unquestionably rebelling against my authority as President to halt rather than continue our diplomatic work – toward mutual fruition of the agreement we now discuss in Genève.

Thus these same Senators are engaging in at least partial rebellion against the laws of the United States and moreover the stated intentions of its founders by giving only the Executive Branch the power to engage in agreement negotiations and only at the end of such, to present said agreements to the Senate for approval based not on political power grabs of one party or another ( Here the Republican Party), but must be based on critical and truthful findings by the Senate of such import that such an agreement will or most likely could cause harm and destruction to United States citizen(s)and our interests.

Of course my conclusion here could be proved by Iran alone if Iran departs the agreement talks and then continuing, openly or secretly, to produce and be able to deliver nuclear weapons to the soil of America or its allies – and I trust this will not happen, and am glad to have heard that Iran is not taking these congressional thugs seriously.

This situation is far worse than regrettable – it approaches inane.

Thus, in this manner, the Senators involved are also rebelling and perhaps even fertilizing insurrection among sectors of the American population who tend to follow neo-fascistic tenets or worse – the suggestions of radio and television “stars” who have no idea of that which they speak about nor what the consequences of such actions could eventually be.

In essence the rebellion and insurrection clause of our law could be comforting to Iran, other U.S. opponents worldwide.

In a way, we send a message to home-grown American rebels who are lured into tragic situations by prevarication posed by Fox News et al, manned really by comedians that pose as newsmen or intellects or experts, which they are not.

Other U.S. law could push certain senators toward prison:

U.S. Code › Title 3 › Chapter 4 › § 301
3 U.S. Code § 301 –

General authorization to delegate functions; publication of delegations

“The President of the United States is authorized to designate and empower the head of any department or agency in the executive branch, or any official thereof who is required to be appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to perform without approval, ratification, or other action by the President”
(1) Any function which is vested in the President by law, or
(2) any function which such officer is required or authorized by law to perform only with or subject to the approval, ratification, or other action of the President: Provided, that nothing contained herein shall relieve the President of his responsibility in office for the acts of any such head or other official designated by him to perform such functions. Such designation and authorization shall be in writing, shall be published in the Federal Register, shall be subject to such terms, conditions, and limitations as the President may deem advisable, and shall be revocable at any time by the President in whole or in part.

Those laws above failing to induce prosecution by the Attorney General or other perhaps the following may allow this:

U.S. Code › Title 18 › Part I › Chapter 115 › § 2384
18 U.S. Code § 2384 –

Seditious conspiracy

“If two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the Government of the United States, or to levy war against them, or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof, they shall each be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.

The illegality of seditious conspiracy to oppose by force, prevention, hindrance, or delay may cause U.S. high courts to hold the signatories of their communication to you and Iran mentioned above to cause their arrest – and in so-doing cause addition unrest, even calamity, in the domestic United States by Americans you might know as Neocons, Warmongers, Corporate Arms interests, or Tea Party aficionados to take up arms against the United States from the United States as well as a conspiracy to attempt to have Iran turn her back on the peace agreement re nuclear arms that we both may realize is in our mutual interest.

Another law could also imprison these Senators:

U.S. Code › Title 18 › Part I › Chapter 115 › § 2385
18 U.S. Code § 2385 –

Advocating overthrow of Government

“Whoever knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises, or teaches the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the government of the United States or the government of any State, Territory, District or Possession thereof, or the government of any political subdivision therein, by force or violence, or by the assassination of any officer of any such government; or

Whoever, with intent to cause the overthrow or destruction of any such government, prints, publishes, edits, issues, circulates, sells, distributes, or publicly displays any written or printed matter advocating, advising, or teaching the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying any government in the United States by force or violence, or attempts to do so; or

(One could easily demonstrate that the collateral impact of such a letter as sent by the Senate 47 would be the potential destruction of the United States – either by Iran herself, or internally from those either supporting Iran, a variety of Islamic terror organizations, and domestically from those who are deeply unhappy with the government as it stand today.)JMK

AND SO ON: Whoever organizes or helps or attempts to organize any society, group, or assembly of persons who teach, advocate, or encourage the overthrow or destruction of any such government by force or violence; or becomes or is a member of, or affiliates with, any such society, group, or assembly of persons, knowing the purposes thereof—

Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both, and shall be ineligible for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five years next following his conviction.

If two or more persons conspire to commit any offense named in this section, each shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both, and shall be ineligible for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five years next following his conviction.

As used in this section, the terms “organizes” and “organize”, with respect to any society, group, or assembly of persons, include the recruiting of new members, the forming of new units, and the regrouping or expansion of existing clubs, classes, and other units of such society, group, or assembly of persons.

And further:

U.S. Code › Title 18 › Part I › Chapter 115 › § 2387
18 U.S. Code § 2387 –

Activities affecting armed forces generally

(a) Whoever, with intent to interfere with, impair, or influence the loyalty, morale, or discipline of the military or naval forces of the United States:

(1) advises, counsels, urges, or in any manner causes or attempts to cause insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty by any member of the military or naval forces of the United States; or

(2) distributes or attempts to distribute any written or printed matter which advises, counsels, or urges insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty by any member of the military or naval forces of the United States—

Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both, and shall be ineligible for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five years next following his conviction.

As you may know this is already occurring due to Republican cheerleading to disrespect the Presidency. Almost any day you can see several supposed “experts” suggesting the worse about Iran and American efforts to come to an agreement that would stop nuclear arms pursuits in Iran and the region at this juncture.

Lastly The Ninth Amendment in the United States Bill of Rights is perhaps applicable in this sense:



The Bill of Rights among the U.S. Constitution are amendments to bring our American constitution forward and to protect the rights of others that are not therein mentioned specifically.  I believe and many Americans agree that the actions taken by ultra-hard-liners on the right are targets of that 9th Amendment.

The 9th Amendment is rarely written about or the source of litigation, but it could come into play if the Senators who wrote to the Iranian leadership re the nuclear peace talks are arrested – in part or in whole for threatening the very peace.

The Ninth Amendment had been mentioned infrequently in decisions of the Supreme Court Justice Douglas, writing the opinion of the Court, asserted that the “specific guarantees in the Bill of Rights have penumbras, formed by emanations from those guarantees that help give them life and substance.”

The Justice mentioned the text of the Ninth Amendment to support the thought that these penumbral rights are protected by one Amendment or a complex of Amendments despite the absence of a specific reference.

I quote a leading American jurist: “The language and history of the Ninth Amendment reveal that the Framers of the Constitution believed that there are additional fundamental rights, protected from governmental infringement, which exist alongside those fundamental rights specifically mentioned in the first eight constitutional amendments. . . . To hold that a right so basic and fundamental and so deep–rooted in our society as the right of privacy in marriage may be infringed because that right is not guaranteed in so many words by the first eight amendments to the Constitution is to ignore the Ninth Amendment and to give it no effect whatsoever.”

Some Americans and legal scholars believe that the 9th Amendment protects Americans from interlopers attempting, for political and power-grabbing reasons to cause a kind of detonation in the normal and accepted operations of the government not included specifically in more pointed laws than the ones I have pointed out in my letter to you.

Thus, Americans themselves are protected from poseurs and interlopers who attempt to humiliate one or more of the powers invested in our government via our Constitution – in this case The Presidency. The United States Constitution is a document that I take quite seriously and have taught at university.

Thus, I write to you, in Iran, personally and openly, to demonstrate to you – whether these laws are used to arrest the development of further intrusions in the powers of the Presidency or not, that I abhor the activity by over-zealous right wing politicians or those who are elected by similar thinkers or no thinkers at all, as you wish.

I want you to know that this is not only a complex matter, this silly letter – but one that you should ignore. The ridiculous threats encompassed directly or parenthetically in the letter you received from these senators , I believe threatens us all.

This letter nor the signatories have any force in law and are certainly not instructive in the rules of human decency.

To flaunt potential deaths and other harm – for what might become no reason at all – to tens of thousands of Americans or Iranians is perhaps the most irresponsible trespass or human decency and the art of diplomacy this nation has witnessed in more than 100 years.

I cannot apologize for these imprudent men and women, but I will promise that even though your people and mine might be tough negotiators we will not end our pledge to negotiate with your selected diplomats and others hoping to gain peace through discussion not war or threat thereof.

I and the majority of Americans do not wish war with Iran or any nation or people. My wife and my daughters, and your family as well should be able to rest easy in a peace we can, together, give them.

I hope this letter truly and without any attempt to humiliate you or Iran or the Iranian people will help your analysis of our position and of some of our flaws and  laws that supercede them.

We do not allow for any citizen – elected or not – to interfere internationally in that which they obviously cannot fathom.

While some on the right compare me to old and departed men prior to World War II who thought only diplomacy was important, as you know I stand ready to defend, by any means, our citizens and our allies. However I believe that discussion and agreement is far more tenable than the latter choice.

It is true that mutual understanding and clarity as nuclear negotiations progress is of tantamount importance – but hardly-veiled threats are never part of diplomacy in matter of such importance.

Many of us have made the error of intimidating or bullying others during our lifetimes and later regretting it.

I assure you that I will do whatever is needed to make certain that the 47 signatories to this document sent you without my knowledge – certainly because I would never have approved doing so.

I am dismayed by those elected officials who would rather choose to have our soldiers killed or be killed to get the right-wing’s business, as it is, done, rather than discuss and accomplish a lasting peace for as long as is possible, and hopefully endlessly, without jeopardizing either side of this or any issue.



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